The mediastinum comprises the area between the lungs and outside of the heart and great vessels. This can be the site of abnormalities of a congenital nature, or benign or malignant growths. Evaluation and treatment of these findings often begins with a biopsy which is typically completed in a minimally invasive outpatient procedure. Definitive treatment may also be completed with a minimal approach, but at time requires more extensive surgery.
Mediastinal abnormalities evaluated and treated may involve the following:
- Thymus gland
- Germ cell tumors
- Bronchogenic cysts
- Esophageal disease