Behind Sclerotherapy: How This Varicose Vein Treatment Works

Sclerotherapy for Varicose Veins in Youngstown vein clinic

Sclerotherapy is a scientifically supported treatment option for spider veins that have been used for decades and is recognized as an effective treatment for venous disorders. With the science behind sclerotherapy on your side, you can take steps towards healthier, more confident legs.  Consult with Dr. Lawrence Schmetterer to determine if sclerotherapy is suitable for you. 


Within the faculty of vascular medicine, there exists a remarkable technique known as sclerotherapy—a science-backed approach that brings about transformative changes in the treatment of spider veins. 

If you’re considering sclerotherapy or simply curious about how it works, this blog post will provide you with a comprehensive understanding of the science behind Sclerotherapy. Let’s delve into the science behind sclerotherapy and discover the secrets behind its success.


What is Sclerotherapy?

Sclerotherapy harnesses the power of carefully selected sclerosing agents to restore the integrity of your veins and enhance the health of your vascular system. 

Sclerotherapy is a popular and effective treatment option for spider veins. This minimally invasive procedure involves injecting a sclerosing agent into the affected veins, causing them to collapse and fade away over time. You can read more about the other ways to get rid of spider vein.


What Are Spider Veins? 

Spider veins, also known as telangiectasias, are small, dilated blood vessels that appear close to the surface of the skin. They are characterized by their red, blue, or purple color and their web-like or branching pattern, resembling a spider’s legs or a spider’s web. 

Spider veins are commonly found on the legs, face, and other areas of the body. They can be caused by various factors, including:

  • Genetics: A family history of spider veins increases the likelihood of developing them. Certain genetic factors contribute to the weakness of vein walls, leading to their dilation and the formation of spider veins.
  • Hormonal changes: Hormonal fluctuations, such as those occurring during pregnancy, puberty, or menopause, can contribute to the development of spider veins. The hormonal changes affect the elasticity and tone of the blood vessels, making them more susceptible to dilation.
  • Prolonged standing or sitting: Jobs or activities that involve long periods of standing or sitting can increase the pressure on the veins, leading to their dilation and the formation of spider veins.
  • Age: The natural aging process can weaken the vein walls and valves, making them less efficient in maintaining proper blood flow. This can contribute to the development of spider veins.

While spider veins are generally harmless, they can cause symptoms such as: 

  • Discomfort 
  • Self-consciousness for some individuals. 
  • Itching 
  • Discoloration


What Is The Mechanism Of Action Of Sclerotherapy?

Sclerotherapy works by introducing a sclerosing agent directly into the targeted veins. This agent irritates the vein lining, causing it to collapse and stick together. Over time, the treated veins are gradually reabsorbed by the body, eventually fading from view. 

The procedure effectively redirects blood flow to healthier veins, reducing the appearance of varicose veins and spider veins.


How Does The Sclerosing Agent Work?

Sclerosing agents used in the procedure can vary but typically include a saline solution or a detergent-based solution. These agents cause irritation and inflammation within the treated vein, leading to the formation of a blood clot. Over time, the body naturally absorbs the clot, and the treated vein is no longer visible. 

The choice of sclerosing agent depends on the individual case and the preferences of the healthcare provider.


How Long Does Sclerotherapy Stay In Your System?

Sclerotherapy agents are biocompatible and generally safe for the body. After the procedure, the solution is rapidly diluted and eliminated from the bloodstream. The exact duration may vary, but in most cases, the sclerosing agent is cleared from the system within a few hours or days.


How Permanent Is Sclerotherapy?

Sclerotherapy can yield long-lasting results, but it’s important to note that it may not prevent the development of new veins over time. The treated veins typically disappear permanently, but the underlying conditions that contributed to their formation may persist. This means that new veins can potentially develop in the future. 

However, adopting a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and wearing compression stockings as recommended, can help reduce the likelihood of new vein formation.


Do New Veins Form After Sclerotherapy?

While sclerotherapy can effectively treat existing veins, it does not prevent the formation of new veins in the future. Genetic factors, hormonal changes, lifestyle choices, and other predisposing factors can contribute to the development of new veins over time. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and regularly monitoring your vascular health can help identify new vein formation and address it promptly.

In some cases, veins may appear darker or more pronounced immediately after sclerotherapy. This is a temporary side effect known as hyperpigmentation and usually resolves within a few months. It’s important to discuss any concerns with your vein doctor, as they can provide guidance and reassurance based on your individual circumstances.


How Many Times Can You Have Sclerotherapy?

The number of sclerotherapy sessions required varies depending on the severity of the vein condition and the individual response to treatment. Some individuals may achieve desired results after a single session, while others may require multiple sessions spaced several weeks apart. Your Vein doctor will determine the optimal treatment plan for you based on your specific needs.


How Do I Get The Best Results From Sclerotherapy?

To optimize your results, it is important to follow the pre-and post-treatment instructions provided by the vein doctor. These may include avoiding certain medications, wearing compression stockings, engaging in regular physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, and practicing good skin care. 

Additionally, scheduling follow-up appointments and communicating openly with your healthcare provider can help ensure the best possible outcome.


How Can I Speed Up Healing After Sclerotherapy?

To promote healing after sclerotherapy, it is recommended to wear compression stockings as prescribed by vein doctor. These stockings help compress the treated veins, improve blood flow, and reduce swelling. Additionally, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, avoiding prolonged sitting or standing, and following a balanced diet, can support overall healing and recovery.


Speak to Dr. Lawrence Schmetterer — the Leading Vascular Surgeon of Choice in Northeast Ohio

Dr. Lawrence Schmetterer is a vascular surgeon and vein expert based in Youngstown, Ohio with services provided in Trumbull, Mahoning, and Columbiana Counties.  

With his vast expertise in vein disease, he can help you with your spider veins. To find out how to combat the effects of venous disease, book your consultation with Dr. Lawrence Schmetterer today.


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